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Iontophoresis machine

Iontophoresis Machine

Iontophoresis machine's work by  varying the voltage output as resistance changes the device consistently delivers the programmed dose. Current can be set in 0.1 mA increments between 0.5 mA and 4 mA. It also has a pause feature that allows the clinician to check the treatment area without restarting the treatment session.

 The goal of an Iontophoresis machine 

The goal of Iontophoresis machine is the safe delivery of a therapeutic concentration of an ionic drug solution to a limited area of the body; the rest of the body receives only minimal exposure to the drug. This is accomplished by applying low-voltage direct current through a pair of electrodes, one of which delivers the current and the drug, and the other of which acts as a return. Reddening of the skin under one or both iontophoresis unit  electrodes is a routine, clinically recognized result of iontophoresis. This Means the iontophoresis unit  has produced by increased blood flow caused by the passage of electrical current through the skin.

What isan  Iontophoresis Unit used for?

In cases where antiperspirants are not effective, a physician may recommend "Tap Water Iontophoresis" for treatment of palmar or plantar hyperhidrosis. In medical terms, iontophoresis is defined as the topical introduction of ionized drugs into the skin using direct current (DC). However, use of iontophoresis with simple tap water has been documented as early as 1952, and later studies by Dr. Fred Levit and Dr. Lewis P. Stolman demonstrated its efficacy in the treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis. Typical treatments consist of placing the hands (and/or feet) into two water baths, each with a connection to the Galvanic Unit. Current is applied typically for 10-20 minutes per session, initially with 2-3 sessions per week followed by a maintenance program of treatments at 1 to 3 week intervals, depending upon the patient's response. While the exact mechanism for the effects of iontophoresis unit on hyperhidrosis remains uncertain, recent research suggests that a parakeratotic plug is formed, blocking the duct without damaging the sweat gland. Dr. Stolman found iontophoresis to be effective in about 83% of the 18 subjects treated in his study.

 Recommendations for Iontophoresis machine Safety
  1. Ensure that users read the operators manual for the Iontophoresis machine , follow the operating procedures, and understand the associated hazards.
  2. Ensure good skin contact with the Iontophoresis machine  electrode. Avoid placing electrodes on areas that have been recently shaved or over skin defects; broken skin and/or gaps between skin and electrode offer reduced resistance, thereby resulting in localized higher current concentrations.
  3. Advise the patient to report any sensation of pain or burning during treatment of the Iontophoresis machine .
  4. Adjust the current output to zero or minimum before the Iontophoresis machine  is turned on or off. Do not turn the device on until the electrodes have been placed and the lead wires have been attached to the electrodes and to the device.
  5. Do not remove the Iontophoresis machine  electrodes or disconnect the lead wires until the power has been turned off.
  6. If a problem occurs, remove theIontophoresis machine  from service and have it inspected

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